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How to improve self-esteem

How to improve self-esteem

Before defining self-esteem, it is necessary to define and understand self-concept since self-esteem is based on self-concept.


Self-perception forms a mental concept of who and how we are; we all have a mental image of ourselves, that is, a perception and an idea of ​​how we are both physically and psychologically.

We form that image over time, beginning in our childhood.

This idea of ​​ourselves can coincide with the idea that others have of us or not; even this idea can coincide with reality or not.

The more realistic the self-concept, the more appropriate our interaction with the environment around us, the more we accept ourselves, the greater our capacity for personal growth, and the stronger our self-esteem.

Self-esteem can be defined as the emotional result that arises if we accept and like our self-concept.

Contrary to popular thinking, self-esteem does not arise from evaluating ourselves positively in each situation but from observing ourselves objectively and, above all, from estimating and accepting our self-concept.

Self-esteem is not a fixed and stable concept; it manifests itself in a changing way depending on our vital situation and circumstances and is modified throughout our lives.

We have verified in our consultation that it is the only trait that constantly improves when doing the psychological treatment.

Ladder of self-esteem

Self-esteem – Ladder of self-esteem

It is a technique that consists of internally restoring the confidence and esteem of the individual for himself, guiding him through the different levels of self-appreciation, and achieving the definitive conquest of high and healthy self-esteem.

The different levels that define what the ladder of self-esteem is are the following:

    Self-recognition: At this level, you must recognize your weaknesses, needs, strengths, and abilities to get to know yourself. This is accomplished through acceptance, detection, and action. Example: a person who recognizes that she is good at making dresses.

    Self-acceptance refers to accepting and assuming all the parts and characteristics that make up the personality and its qualities. For example, a person accepts that one of her qualities is attention to detail.

    Self-assessment: At this level, the subject has previously recognized what distinguishes him from others and the essence of him, so in this step, he evaluates and values ​​the positive aspects that he possesses, which make him feel good and make him grow. That is, he begins to value his qualities once they are identified.

    Self-respect: At this level, the person will have the ability to manage their feelings without flagellating or feeling guilty, knowing that they deserve better things and give themselves their place before others, without allowing them to be trampled upon by recognizing their rights and those of third parties.

    Self-improvement: It consists of constant individual improvement. This is achieved after knowing, accepting, and evaluating the capacities and potentials that one has to strengthen those qualities later.

What is a self-esteem test?

It refers to a series of evaluations and behavioral tendencies focused on the individual himself, his character, or his way of being. This type of method helps the person to value their self-esteem.

The meaning of self-esteem becomes a key to success or failure, to understand yourself and others. Remember that self-esteem has two dimensions: self-awareness and self-love. All this generates acceptance, trust, and respect for oneself, interest in their development, facing life challenges, and the right to be happy.

There is a method to determine a person’s level of self-esteem, which is the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. This consists of a brief psychometric self-esteem test that is applied both in clinical practices and in research. This consists of ten questions, the score of which varies between 1 and 4.

How to improve self-esteem

The one corresponds to the answer “Strongly disagree” and the 4 in “Strongly agree” or vice versa, depending on the nature of the item.

The questionnaire or scale, developed by the professor and sociologist Morris Rosenberg (1922-1992), consists of 5 positive and five negative questions, which are the following:

    I feel that I am a person worthy of appreciation, at least as much as others.

    I am convinced that I have good qualities.

    I am capable of doing things as well as most people.

    I have a positive attitude towards myself.

    In general, I am satisfied with myself.

    I feel like I don’t have much to be proud of.

    In general, I am inclined to think that I am a failure.

    I wish I could feel more respect for myself.

    There are sometimes I think I’m useless.

     Sometimes I think I’m not a good person.

After answering the questions, the scores obtained are added. It should be noted that the first five questions are evaluated from 4 to 1, and the next five are evaluated from 1 to 4. The results are interpreted as follows:

    Between 30 and 40 points, the person is considered to have high or normal self-esteem.

    Between 26 and 29 points means that the person has average self-esteem, which, although it is not severe, is advisable to raise.

    Less than 25 points, there is low self-esteem, so the problem must be addressed.

How to improve self-esteem: keys, tips, and advice


There are strategies on how to improve self-esteem, which can help considerably to regain self-confidence. These ways of how to increase self-acceptance can be:

    Eliminate negative thoughts about yourself by neutralizing them with some positive thoughts about some quality you have.

    Try new activities that highlight people’s skills.

    Set a goal to achieve something, putting it as a priority over the perfection of said achievement.

    Take into account mistakes as learning and not as failures.

    Notice what can and cannot be changed.

    Establish short, medium, and long-term goals, planning the steps that must be taken to achieve them.

    Defend your ideas safely and adequately.

    In the same way, surrounding yourself with material that helps increase self-acceptance would be a good incentive for this, such as reading self-esteem books, self-esteem phrases, and even placing self-esteem images that help internalize more self-confidence.

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