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Low back pain or Lumbago Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The Society of Rheumatology estimates that 80% of the population suffers or will suffer from low back pain. This low back condition can range from mild to severe, although it can often be just a minor annoyance.

What are your reasons? And its effects? Can it be prevented or not? Today we examine this stressful pain affecting our lower back, from which now not even active and barely sedentary human beings are free.
What is low back pain, and what are its signs?

Low back pain or lumbago is known as pain located within the lower lumbar area, between the waist and the buttocks. Lower back pain affects all human beings, old and young. It is predicted that at least 70% of the population will have suffered from this problem before age 16.

Sometimes, the pain can be delocalized and generalized, radiating from time to time, stressful but mild. In others, it can present as very severe pain, occasionally disabling. Low back pain is evaluated as acute, subacute, and persistent according to its duration (much less than six weeks, about six weeks, or over three months).

In reality, low back pain itself is not a disease. However, it is common to call this pain in the lower back. Low back pain can appear as a permanent sharp pain or occur when making an effort, manifesting in a stabbing and excruciating way.

Sometimes, low back pain can appear with different signs of tingling and anesthesia, decreased sensitivity in the lower extremities or upper ones. This is associated with his neurological starting point, although that does not make it easy to discover his main reasons. Hence the next question.

Low back pain or Lumbago Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What causes low back pain?

Traditionally, due to the delocalization of this situation, this condition was considered to have an unknown place of onset (ignoring pathological onset low back pain associated with spinal problems, for example). We realize that it is currently associated with some processes related to nerve roots, muscle groups, ligaments, fascial structures, vertebrae and intervertebral discs, and abdominal organs.

Although the precise mechanism is not entirely established, we realize that some well-known mechanical reasons can generate low back pain, such as strains, sprains, overexertion and contractures. In some more severe cases, low back pain can come from a herniated or ruptured vertebral disc, spondylolisthesis, traumatic injuries or different problems, and infection or neoplasm.

To further complicate matters, some visceral conditions (gastrointestinal, renal or vascular diseases) can radiate within the lower back, making it even more challenging to determine their origin. In general, this area can be painful for many reasons. Finding the correct cause is essential to prevent low back pain from appearing.

Can it be treated?

In general, terms, discussing a remedy for low back pain is not feasible because it is not a disease. Depending on where the pain started, if found, a particular remedy can be sought. However, low back pain is multifactorial and complicated to remedy without a precise diagnosis.

Sometimes pain relievers cannot even relieve pain safely for this very reason. However, what is known as non-specific low back pain is instrumental in staying away from a sedentary lifestyle and prescribing a muscle relaxant or anti-inflammatory medication. Good postural training is also advisable. This is not able to prevent low back pain. However, it is beneficial in mitigating its symptoms.

Low back pain or Lumbago Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What do specialists recommend for low back pain?

Health experts warn that while exercise can cause lower back pain, a sedentary lifestyle can too. A poorly done exercise or excessive effort can cause lower back pain. A sedentary lifestyle and poor posture also cause it. For this reason, Regular daily physical activity, light or intense, but with supervision or training, is usually recommended.

Other research has shown that the execution of body exercises, which expand the muscle groups in a compensated way, can alleviate lumbago’s effects. In addition, and as a complementary measure, treatment with cold and heat is usually recommended to relieve pain.

In any case, and because its starting point can be very uncertain, it is advisable to go to a specialist to discover the reason if the pain persists. In addition, it is advisable to eat foods that help control inflammation and pain caused by rheumatic diseases, such as arthritis.

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