Mushrooms are one of the autumn foods par excellence, and although we can find them canned or frozen throughout the year, they do not usually appear in the wild until well into the season. This article will find some characteristics of mushrooms, their nutritional properties, and some of the most popular varieties.
What are mushrooms?
Mushrooms are the fruit of some varieties of fungi that, although their nutritional characteristics and composition are classified as vegetables, are strictly not. There is a great variety of mushrooms, but not all of them are edible; some are poisonous. It is very important to know how to differentiate which varieties are suitable for human consumption.
Most mushrooms are very similar in anatomy; you can differentiate 2 main parts, the pompadour and the stipe. Poro also has other elements that help differentiate them between species, such as the ring or the lamellae.
To distinguish an edible variety from a poisonous one, you have to pay close attention to the details since although some are easily distinguished, others have very subtle differences and can become confused.
In what conditions do they grow?
These usually grow in forests, on dead elm or beech logs, for example. All mushrooms need some humidity to form and low temperatures, and this climate is mainly found in mountainous areas with the arrival of autumn. They usually form in groups since the fungi from which they arise multiply in a contiguous way. It is rare to find isolated mushrooms.
6 Benefits of Shiitake Mushroom
The Shiitake Mushroom is native to East Asia. These mushrooms hold the record for being the second most popular mushroom and the third most cultivated mushroom today. It is widely used as a medicinal plant in traditional medicine due to the many health benefits documented in ancient medical books. It has a meaty texture, excellent flavor, and aroma that sets it apart and is loaded with many vitamins, including B12. It is also widely acclaimed for fighting cancer and other cardiovascular infections, among many other beneficial characteristics.
Among some of the main benefits we can find:
1. Improves skin health
A combination of selenium, vitamin A, and vitamin E helps alleviate acne and its deteriorating effect on the skin. Did you know that two hundred grams of shiitake mushrooms produce about 11.4 milligrams of selenium? This figure amounts to 16% of the value you need daily value. This is why shiitake mushrooms are an effective natural remedy for acne. The zinc content in shiitake mushrooms also helps to strengthen the immune system and improve skin healing by reducing the accumulation of DHT.
2. Excellent source of vitamin D
You can get a decent amount of this vital vitamin from shiitake mushrooms. Vitamin D is crucial for forming healthy bones and teeth and minimizes the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and autoimmune diseases. This vitamin is also necessary for the normal absorption and metabolism of phosphorus and calcium.
Other benefits of vitamin D include support for the proper function of the immune system and the maintenance of healthy brain functions. It also reduces the severity of asthma attacks and the risks of multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis in women.
3. Increases energy and brain functions
Shiitake mushroom has a high level of B vitamins, so it does an excellent job of supporting adrenal functions. It also plays a crucial role in the conversion of nutrients from food into energy. They also help improve hormonal balance, increase focus and cognitive functions. Such deficiency leads to energy crashes, cloudy thoughts, and unhealthy red blood cells, among many other symptoms.
4. They reduce cholesterol and are used to remit circulatory diseases.
Eating shiitake helps people who suffer from hypercholesterolemia reduce their cholesterol and triglyceride levels thanks to its lentinan content and, above all, chitin content. In addition, it is also thanks to lentinan and chitin that serve to control hypertension and reduce the viscosity of the blood, which helps improve those who suffer from circulatory pathologies.
5. They help to have a good digestion
That shiitake is considered an excellent digestive is because it contains enzymes such as pepsin and trypsin, so it is a very good idea to include it in stews and meals that tend to be difficult to digest.
6. Kill cancer cells
Some research has indicated the potency of shiitake mushrooms to fight cancer cells. In addition, lentinan, one of the chemical compositions in fungi, is believed to restore chromosomes damaged by cancer treatments.
In 2006, a group of researchers conducted a study on the potency of ethyl acetate extracted from the shiitake mushroom. The result published in Complementary and Alternative Medicine shows that the shiitake mushroom can inhibit the growth of tumor cells through microchemical actions. The shiitake mushroom was able to induce apoptosis, which is the process of programming cell death. This result indicates that shiitake mushrooms could be a powerful natural cancer treatment.
Mushrooms are an excellent option to feed you; it has a low calorie and fat content.
A serving (1/2 cup) of mushrooms can provide food with about 5% of the protein you need every day.
Different mushrooms are a good source of potassium, a nutrient that helps maintain heart rate, fluid balance, and proper muscle and nerve function.
Selenium has been recognized for its antioxidant role. White mushrooms, portobello, and crimini are good sources of this mineral and meet daily needs.
Vitamins B2 (Riboflavin) and B3 (Niacin) participate in energy metabolism. Mushrooms are a good source of these vitamins.
Fresh mushrooms add copper to your diet; This nutrient is necessary for the function of numerous enzymes, essential proteins for life.
Source: The benefits mentioned They were carried out taking into account the nutritional composition of fresh mushrooms from the NationalNutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 26 (USDA). This composition can vary by various conditions, such as the species and the culture medium of the mushrooms.